Disaster Supply Kits

Being able to survive after a disaster means having your own food, water, and other supplies in sufficient quantity to last for at least 3 days. A disaster supplies kit is a collection of basic items that members of a household may need in the event of a disaster. Since you do not know where you will be when a disaster occurs, kits should be prepared for home, work, and car. For additional information on disaster supply kits, please view the Are You Ready (PDF).

  1. Home
  2. Work
  3. Car
  • Your disaster supplies kit should contain essential food, water, and supplies for at least 3 days.
  • Keep this kit in a designated place and have it ready in case you to leave your home quickly. Make sure all family members know where the kit is kept.
  • Additionally, you may want to consider having supplies for sheltering for up to 2 weeks.

Basic Disaster Supply Kit

The following items are recommended for inclusion in your basic disaster supplies kit:

  • 3 day supply of non-perishable food
  • 3 day supply of water - one gallon of water per person, per day
  • Cash and coins
  • Extra clothing
  • First aid kit and manual
  • Flashlight and extra batteries
  • Items for infants, such as formula, diapers, bottles, and pacifiers
  • Kitchen accessories and cooking utensils, including a can opener
  • Matches and waterproof container
  • Photocopies of credit and identification cards
  • Portable, battery-powered radio or television and extra batteries
  • Sanitation and hygiene items (moist towelettes and toilet paper)
  • Special needs items, such as prescription medications, eyeglasses, contact lens solutions, and hearing aid batteries
  • Whistle
  • Other items to meet your unique family needs

Cold Climate Supply Kit

If you live in a cold climate, you must think about warmth. It is possible that you will not have heat. Think about your clothing and bedding supplies. Be sure to include one complete change of clothing and shoes per person, including:

  • Hat, mittens, and scarf
  • Jacket or coat
  • Long pants
  • Long sleeve shirt
  • Sleeping bag or warm blanket (per person)
  • Sturdy shoes

Things to Consider

Additionally, in determining adequate quantities, take the following into account:

  • Individual needs vary, depending on:
    • Activity
    • Age
    • Climate
    • Diet
    • Physical condition
  • Children, nursing mothers, and ill people need more water.
  • Very hot temperature can double the amount of water needed.
  • A medical emergency might require additional water.